FARMING SYSTEMS AND LIVELIHOODS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
Project Title:Generation of farmer information for increased efficiency in agricultural production in western highland agro-ecological zone
Background to the Problem (justification for research)
Agriculture contributes approximately 22.9% of the total GDP, employs 65.6% of working population in Ugandaof whom, over 50% are subsistence. The National Development Plan (NDP) aspires to transform Ugandan society from peasantry to modernity.Some of the bottlenecks to transformation are lack of regular and reliable agricultural statistics and market information. Information to farmers may enhance enterprise efficiency if used to aid decision making and management of risk. Subsistence farmers are affected by uncertainties caused by market liberalization thus affecting production efficiency and effectiveness. It is desirable to generate information that will transform subsistence farming to commercial farming. According to Sen (1982), information that aids farm operations and decision making includes previous, present, and future details about production and marketing processes. Socio-economic characteristics need to be understood as it influences the demand for information. The information will re-align policies; broaden farmer choices and research interventions.
Reference to earlier work
The current study builds on the previous Farming Systems and Livelihood Analysis study conducted in the district of Bundibugyo. It also draws from recommendations by a study undertaken by Kabarole Research Centre (2012) which recommends exploration of new options to enhance adoption of technologies and approach agriculture production from the food security and commercial point of view by providing market oriented information. This project is proposed to provide information to farmers to broaden their choices and enable them venture into profitable agriculture markets. The information will also aid in re-aligning policies that create conducive environment for farmers.
- To establish the current status of the value chains of the priority enterprises
- To determine the efficiency and effectiveness of farm level production systems
- To determine the adoption, efficiency and effectiveness of the improved technologies of the prioritized enterprises
- To make research and policy recommendations to promote commercialization in the prioritized enterprises
- Establishment of gender disaggregated baseline and impact information on the current status of priority commodity value chains (tea, banana, Irish potatoes and dairy) at farm level in the Western highlands agro-ecological zone.
- Establishment of profitability of priority enterprises, farm input efficiency of the priority commodity enterprises, Selected adoption and impact studies for priority zonal enterprises
- Establish Farm input efficiency/resources allocation study for priority zonal enterprises
- Value chain analysis and market studies for tea, banana, dairy and Irish potatoes enterprises.